Energy consumption, production and environmental pollution in Nigeria

Abubakar Baba Bashir
Vijay Srivastava
JEL codes: 
Q52 - Pollution Control Adoption Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects, Q54 - Climate; Natural Disasters; Global Warming.
For the past two decades, international communities have emphasized on the need to mitigate the level of CO2 globally for better environment. In this regard, the study examine the influence of renewable energy use, financial progress, economic performance and trade on environmental pollution in Nigeria by utilizing the ARDL method from 1980 to 2017. The bound test outcome confirm that the variables are cointegrated. The short run estimated outcome shows that energy use and production increase the level of environmental dilapidation while GDP and trade decelerates it in Nigeria. However, financial progress does not influence CO2 discharge. The estimated long run analysis indicates that energy use, economic performance and trade decreased the level of environmental pollution. Meanwhile, energy production promotes the level of environmental quality. Therefore, the study suggests that Nigerian policy makers should design more appropriate policies that will mandate industries and households to use renewable energy like wind, solar, and hydro power for environmental quality and sustainable economic performance.
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