Monetary Policy Transmission and Firms’ Investment: Evidence From the Manufacturing Sector of Pakistan

Arslan Majeed
Shahid Mansoor Hashmi
Romila Qamar
JEL codes: 
C33 - Models with Panel Data; Longitudinal Data; Spatial Time Series, E22 - Capital; Investment; Capacity, E52 - Monetary Policy.
This study explores the effects of monetary policy on firms’ business fixed investment spending through the interest rate and broad credit channels of monetary policy transmission mechanism in Pakistan. Due to the problem of endogeneity, Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) two step estimation technique is applied on neo-classical investment model by using disaggregated firm level data of manufacturing sector of Pakistan over the period 1974-2010. The results suggest the relevance of both the interest rate and broad credit channels in Pakistan. Firms’ investment found to be negatively affected by the monetary contraction while positively influenced by cash flow and the sales. Small firms explored to be more sensitive to the monetary tightening as compared to large firms indicating that monetary policy exerts heterogeneous effects. Results highlight the importance of considering the financial conditions of the firms in formulation of monetary policy.
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